The Domsday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of most of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Manor of Hambleton was part of the land given to Ilbert de Lacy 1072. The Domsday Book for Yorkshire West Riding mentions Hameltun, name derived from Hamela’s village. The translation mentions that Alfkil had 3 carucates of land for geld, a carucates could be either 120 or 240 acres and geld meant tax on the land. Earnwig had 6 villans, 1 bordar and 2 sokemen. A villan is thought to have been a serf or peasant, someone who is bound to the soil. The definition of a border has yet to be found. A sokeman was a tenant holding land in socage. A socage is tenure of land held by the tenant in performance of specified services or by payment of rent, and not requiring military service. The whole manor was, 2 leagues long and l ½ leagues wide. The value before 1066, 30s; now (at the time of the Domsday Book) 20s.